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Civil Religion/R. Bellah/Habermas: Bellah thesis: People of different beliefs can belong to the same, primarily secular, politically organized community.
Talcott Parsons: Then religion belongs to the private sphere. Another aspect of secularization is that God's kingdom is being established on earth. The climax of this development was the founding of the American nation. Thereby, there was no radical break with religious tradition.
Bellah/Parsons: shows how many official announcements, especially the inauguration of the American president -
Habermas IV 430
use the term "God" or various synonyms in the sense of "Supreme Being" and embarrassingly avoid a reference to Christ. (1)
1.Talcott Parsons, Belief, Unbelief and Disbelief, in: T. Parsons, Action Theory and the Human Condition, NY 1978, S. 309_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Robert N. Bellah
Beyond Belief New York 1970
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981