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Disenchantment/Worldviews/Religion/Modernity/Weber/Habermas: Weber observes enchantment primarily in the interaction between believers and God. The stronger this is designed as communication,
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the more strictly the individual can systematize his/her inner-worldly relations under the abstract aspects of morality. This means
a) the preparation of an abstract concept of the world
b) the differentiation of a purely ethical attitude in which the actor can follow and criticize norms
c) the formation of a universalistic and individualistic concept of persons with the correlates of conscience, moral accountability, autonomy, guilt, etc.
The reverent attachment to traditionally guaranteed concrete orders of life can thus be overcome in favour of a free orientation towards general principles.
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Cognitive dimension: here, the disenchanting of things and events is accompanied by a demythologization of the knowledge of the existing. All the more reason for individuals to systematize their relationships with the world, this time under the abstract aspects of a cosmological-metaphysical order whose laws govern all phenomena without exception. This means
a) the preparation of a formal world concept for the existing as a whole with universals for the legal, space-time context of entities in general, (1)
b) the differentiation of a purely theoretical attitude (out of touch with practice),
c) the formation of an epistemic ego in general, which, free of affects, worldly interests, prejudices, etc., can surrender itself to the view of the existing. (2)
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HabermasVsWeber: Weber has never analyzed in more detail the cognitive structures that emerge on the obstinate rationalization paths of religious and metaphysical worldviews. It is therefore not sufficiently clear that there is still another step between the results of world view rationalization and that world understanding that is "modern" in a specific sense.
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Modernity/Habermas: Modernity has no reserves in ethics or science that would be exempt from the critical force of hypothetical thought. First, however, a generalization of the level of learning, which has been achieved with the terminology of religious-metaphysical worldviews, is required.
1. A Koyré, Von der geschlossenen Welt zum unendlichen Universum, Frankfurt 1969.
2. H. Blumenberg, Säkularisierung und Selbstbehauptung, Frankfurt 1974._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism - engl. trnsl. 1930
Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus München 2013
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981