Max Horkheimer on Modernism - Dictionary of Arguments
Habermas III 464
Modernism/Horkheimer/Habermas: for Horkheimer modernism is characterized by the fact that the same disenchantment with which religion and metaphysics had overcome the level of mythical-magical thinking shook the rationalized worldviews themselves at their core, namely in the credibility of theological and ontological-cosmological principles. The religious-metaphysical knowledge conveyed by teaching solidifies into dogma, revelation and traditional wisdom is transformed into mere tradition, conviction becomes a subjective "considering-something-true".
World Views/Horkheimer: the way of thinking of the world views itself becomes obsolete, salvation knowledge and world wisdom dissolve into subjectified powers of faith. Only now can phenomena such as fanaticism of faith (fanaticism) and traditionalism of education appear as concomitants of Protestantism on the one hand and humanism on the other.
Habermas III 465
Education/Horkheimer/Habermas: in modernism, educational knowledge is separated from modern philosophy, which at the same time identifies itself ambiguously as an opponent and heir to religion with science and temporarily saves it into the scientific system. This educational knowledge is primarily justified by the fact that it continues traditions.
Problem: the difficulty of traditionalism in education is that it has to conceal its own basis. For only those traditions must be conjured at all that are not certified by good reasons. (1)
1.M. Horkheimer, Zur Kritik der instrumentellen Vernunft, Frankfurt 1967, p.32._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981