|Observation: detecting characteristics and behavior of objects by whatsoever contact with the object unlike conclusions from past processes or assumeded or imperceptible parts or hidden parameters. See also hidden variable, observation language, theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Habermas III 178
Observation/Sociology/Schütz/Habermas: Problem: the language games that the social scientist finds in his field of objects are of particular nature, how can a theory of this particularity be solved?
Schütz: Thesis: The social science observer adopts a theoretical attitude that allows him/her to rise above the lifeworld perspective of both his own as well as the investigated everyday practice. While we, as members of a lifeworld, are engaged in a "we-relationship" in order to behave as ego to age or alius, the observer breaks with his natural attitude and goes to an extramundane place. (1)
Habermas: the theoretical attitude is characterized as that of the "uninterested" observer. Like Husserl, Schütz cannot rely on a methodological approach such as that of the era, but on
Habermas III 179
a decision by the scientist to replace the value system of science with the value system of his everyday practice.
HabermasVsSchütz: however, he would have to show how to connect the theory formation to the knowledge that the scientist finds in the field of objects, without binding the validity of his statements to the context of lifeworld at the same time.
1. A. Schütz, Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt, Wien 1932, S. 45f._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt Wien 1932
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981