Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Gould I 88ff
Altruism/Wynne-Edwards: He realized that his thesis was vehemently contradictory to Darwin's thesis because it presupposes that certain individuals forego reproductive activity in favour of the group. (1)
Gould: literally all of Wynne-Edwards' examples can be reformulated into evidence of individual selfishness.
For example, a bird sounds a warning cry and warns the group. According to the "group theoreticians", the animal has put itself in danger by drawing attention to itself. There are dozens of opinions that do not support this view: for example, the animal disappears in the ascending swarm.
I 92
For example, theory of selection at the level of the clan. Siblings have on average half of the same genes. So whoever dies to save three immediate relatives will thereby transmit 150 % of himself to his descendants.
GouldVsWynne-Edwards: nevertheless, this is a form of individual selection as represented by Darwinism.


1. V. C. Wynne-Edwards


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Wynne-Ed I
Vero C. Wynne-Edwards
Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour Edinburgh 1962

Gould I
Stephen Jay Gould
The Panda’s Thumb. More Reflections in Natural History, New York 1980
German Edition:
Der Daumen des Panda Frankfurt 2009

Gould II
Stephen Jay Gould
Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes. Further Reflections in Natural History, New York 1983
German Edition:
Wie das Zebra zu seinen Streifen kommt Frankfurt 1991

Gould III
Stephen Jay Gould
Full House. The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin, New York 1996
German Edition:
Illusion Fortschritt Frankfurt 2004

Gould IV
Stephen Jay Gould
The Flamingo’s Smile. Reflections in Natural History, New York 1985
German Edition:
Das Lächeln des Flamingos Basel 1989


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-12-15
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