Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Intelligence: intelligence is the ability to recognize patterns in presented information or to recognize possibilities for supplementing and transforming known patterns that go beyond repetitions.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Gould I 140
Intelligence/Wallace/Gould: Alfred Russel Wallace's thesis: the human intelligence would have been created by God separately. (Otherwise, at the same time as Darwin, he was the first to represent the thought of evolution through selection). (1)
Gould IV 313
Intelligence/Evolution/Alfred Russell Wallace/Gould: Wallace's thesis: If every part of the universe had turned out a tiny bit different, conscious life would never have been able to develop.
Conclusion: Therefore, an intelligence must have created the universe at least in the part where life originated.(2)


1. A. R. Wallace (1895). Natural Selection and Tropical Nature. London: MacMillan.
2. A. R. Wallace (1903). A Man's place in the univers: A study of the results of scientific research in relation to the unity or plurality of worlds. New York: McClure Philips and Company.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

WallaceAR I
Alfred Russell Wallace
The Malay Archipelago London 2016

Gould I
Stephen Jay Gould
The Panda’s Thumb. More Reflections in Natural History, New York 1980
German Edition:
Der Daumen des Panda Frankfurt 2009

Gould II
Stephen Jay Gould
Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes. Further Reflections in Natural History, New York 1983
German Edition:
Wie das Zebra zu seinen Streifen kommt Frankfurt 1991

Gould III
Stephen Jay Gould
Full House. The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin, New York 1996
German Edition:
Illusion Fortschritt Frankfurt 2004

Gould IV
Stephen Jay Gould
The Flamingo’s Smile. Reflections in Natural History, New York 1985
German Edition:
Das Lächeln des Flamingos Basel 1989

Gould I
Stephen Jay Gould
The Panda’s Thumb. More Reflections in Natural History, New York 1980
German Edition:
Der Daumen des Panda Frankfurt 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-09-18
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