Constituent structure grammar/constituent structure/concatenation/linearity/layers/Lyons: so far we had regarded sentences as linear chains.
New: the constituent structural grammar sees it arranged as constituents (not e.g. "subject"/"predicate" etc.), which leads to layers (reflected in the family tree, tree structure).
Immediate constituents/terminology/IC analysis/Lyons: (immediate constituents, IC): Example (poor John) (ran away).
Tradition: there is obviously a parallelism here to the traditional conception of "poor John" as "subject" and "ran away" as "predicate".
Layers: consist of direct constituents. Each constituent of a deeper layer is part of a higher one.
Family Tree/Tree Structure/Structure Tree/Tree/Linguistics/Lyons: the layers of the constituents can also be specified by trees in addition to parentheses.
Nodes: y and z indicate the layers. ((s) Layer x: consists of y and z, y: consists of poor and John etc.
Constituent structural grammar/Lyons: there is no mention of "adjective", "predicate", etc. at all._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Semantics Cambridge, MA 1977
Introduction to Theoretical Lingustics, Cambridge/MA 1968
Einführung in die moderne Linguistik München 1995