(1), which investigated how technological systems began t">
Kevin Kelly on Networks - Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments
Kelly I 159
Networks/Kelly: In 1994 I published the book "Out of Control" (1), which investigated how technological systems began to imitate natural systems.
Software/Kelly: Computer scientists used principles of evolution to create software that was too complex for humans. The best lines of code were kept and one let them mutate until the resulting code was perfect. At the same time, biologists learned that living systems with abstracted mechanical processes such as computation could be understood. DNA from the bacterium E.coli could be used to solve mathematical problems like in a computer. (2)
1. Kevin Kelly, Out of Control, New York 1995
2. L. M. Adleman. (1994) “Molecular Computation of Solutions to Combinatorial Problems.” Science, 266 (5187). http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/266/5187/1021._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
What Technology Wants New York 2011