Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 4092
Complexity/Kelly: the same dynamic that shapes complexity in the natural world, it is also expressed in Technicum ((s) terminology: Technium is Kelly's expression of a technology that evolves naturally and makes its own demands.)
I 4104
Software complexity increased linearly between 1993 and 2003 from about 5 million lines of code for a Windows operating system to about 50 million. (1)
I 4108
Machine parts: their number is growing exponentially. (2)
I 4113
Development of complexity: several scenarios are possible:
Scenario 1: most of the technology remains simple, as in nature, this applies to things made of materials such as stone, wood, etc., but also metal cables.
I 4119
Scenario 2: a final stage is reached somewhere by reaching physical limits.
Scenario 3: Growth without limits.
I 4168
Natural Diversity/Life Forms/Kelly: the number of taxonomic families has grown linearly in evolution (3) while the number of technical patents has grown exponentially over the last 150 years. (4)
I 4316
Cell types/complexity/Kelly: the increase in specialized types of cells follows a saturation curve, it is limited. (5)

1. Data from Vincent Maraia. (2005) The Build Master: Microsoft ’s Soft ware Configuration Management Best Practices. Upper Saddle River, NJ; Addison-Wesley Professional.
2. Data from Robert U. Ayres. (1991) Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Revolution in Progress. London: Chapman & Hall, p. 3.
3. J. John Sepkoski, (1993) “Ten Years in the Library: New Data Confirm Paleontological Patterns.” Paleobiology, 19 (1), p. 48.
4. Brigid Quinn and Ruth Nyblod. (2006) “United States Patent and Trademark Office Issues 7 Millionth Patent.” United States Patent and Trademark Office.
5. Data from James W. Valentine, Allen G. Collins, et al. (1994) “Morphological Complexity Increase in Metazoans.” Paleobiology, Paleobiology, 20 (2), p. 134.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kelly I
Kevin Kelly
What Technology Wants New York 2011

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-01-23
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