|Holism: Holism is the assumption that the elements or the subject domain of a theory are accessible only with simultaneous availability of all elements or objects of this domain. It is also assumed that a change to an element does not exclude changes to all other elements at least. The statement "everything is connected with everything" is however a wrong characterization of the holism, since it is logically erroneous. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Esfeld I 17
Mario BungeVsHolism: is explained by statements such as
"The whole thing precedes its parts."
"The whole thing has an effect on its parts."
"Whole units cannot be explained by analysis, they are irrational."
"The whole is better than its parts."
Bunge: Holism is therefore unscientific. (Bunge, 1979)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Causality and Modern Science: Third Revised Edition New York 1979
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002