|Names, proper names, philosophy: the status of proper names is a relatively new philosophical problem. S. A. Kripke has treated it as one of the first in “Naming and Necessity” (three lectures at Princeton University 1970, reprint Cambridge, 1980). Against the traditional bundle theory, according to which the meaning of names lies in the properties, or at least in the essential properties of their bearers, Kripke develops a causal theory of the names, which ultimately goes back to a baptism in the broader sense. The decisive point is that the name is associated with the person but it is not required that the person has any additional properties. See also causal theory, possible worlds, rigidity, rigid designators, descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Anthony Kenny on Proper Names - Dictionary of Arguments
Prior I 168
Name/Kenny/Prior: Kenny has outlined a completely different theory of Non-Plural Names:
Thesis: Names are logically unstructured (as with Russell).
Definition Name/Kenny: N is a name if and only if the user intends to refer to a singular object B.
If the object does not exist, one can only say that the speaker with a sentence that contains B, only means B and that the sentence mentions B.
Names, even if they are blank, are generally not merely abbreviations of Russell's specific descriptions.
Although the speaker must have some particular description in mind!
They are abbreviations of certain descriptions in sentences of the form:
"B exists" or "B does not exist". (See PriorVsKenny_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A New History of Western Philosophy
Objects of thought Oxford 1971
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003