|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Explanation/Cognitive Science/Pylyshyn/Matthews: proposed a framework that allows for three qualitatively different levels of expelnation (Pylyshyn 1999)(1):
1. Knowledge = Goals, intentions and personal meaning, supporting adaption to external environments
2. Symbol processing a) Algorithm = Formal specification of program for symbol manipulation
b) Functional architecture = Real-time processing operations supporting symbol manipulation
3. Biology = Physical, neuronal representation of processing.
1. Pylyshyn, Z. W. 1999. What’s in your mind?, in E. Lepore and Z. W. Pylyshyn (eds.), What is cognitive science?, pp. 1–25. Oxford: Blackwell
Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Zenon W. Pylyshyn
Things and Places: How the Mind Connects with the World Cambrindge, MA 2011
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009