Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Höffe I 311
Legislation/Kant/Höffe: The legislator (...) may give his laws only in a way "that they could have emerged from the united will of a whole people”.
Natural state: What speaks against the natural state is not that it brings fear and terror with it, but that it is a state of "outwardly lawless liberty"(1).
No one is safe from the interference of others. In the natural state, then, lawlessness prevails, not injustice.
The united will of the people is nothing else but the "eternal norm," that is, the "rational principle of the judgment of all public legal constitution in general"(2). According to this the State is called upon to form its basic order in such a way "as a people with mature reason would prescribe it to itself"(3). >Rule of Law/Kant.


1. Kant, Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre § 42
2. Kant, About the common saying: This may be correct in theory but is not suitable for practice. 1793, Section 2
3. Kant, Der Streit der Fakultäten, 1798, Section 2.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-01-22
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