|Rawls I 184
Ideal observer/society/order/justice/dam Smith/Rawls: something, e. g. a social system, is fair, if an ideal impartial observer from outside would judge this from a general point of view, if he/she had all relevant information about the circumstances. (See Roderick Firth,"Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol. 12,1952; F. C. Sharp, Good and Ill Wll, Chicago, 1950, pp. 156-162; A. Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, in L. A. Selby-Bigge, British Moralists, vol. I Oxford, 1897, pp. 257-277. - More general discussion: C. D. Broad,"Some Reflections on Moral-Sense Theories in Ethics". Proceedings oft he he Aristotelian Society, vol. 45 (1944-45). W. K. Kneale "Objectivity in Morals", Philosophy, vol. 25 (1950).)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Theory of Moral Sentiments London 2010
Vernon L. Smith
Rationality in Economics: Constructivist and Ecological Forms Cambridge 2009
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005