Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Inequalities: To detect inequalities, one needs to identify the relevant factors, collect data, analyze the data, and interpret the results. See also Indistinguishability, Differences, Equality, Similarity, Identity, Interpretation, Description dependence, Comparisons, Comparability.<
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

J.-J. Rousseau on Inequalities - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 271
Inequality/Rousseau/Höffe: [Rousseau] is not so unrealistic as to deny the inequality that actually exists among people. However, one must distinguish between a natural and a legal-political inequality and then realize what Rousseau considers a revolutionary thesis, that there is no essential connection (liason essentielle) between the two.
In the relevant treatise on the origin and foundations of inequality among human beings(1), the radical critique of civilization in the First Treatise is given a new scope of application, at the same time a philosophical deepening. The "secularized theory of sin" of the first Scripture is followed here by a "secularized theodicy" (justification of God).
Höffe I 272
Natural inequality: [Rousseau acknowledges] (...) inequality, for example in health, age and strength. But it does not justify the reprehensible "moral or political inequality". >Natural State/Rousseau

1. Rousseau, Discours sur l'inégalité parmi les hommes, 1755
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Mause I 46
Inequality/Rousseau: in his discourse on inequality (Discours sur l'inégalité) of 1755, Rousseau notes the equiprimordial of the historical establishment of property with the emergence of civil society (Rousseau 1988, p. 230) and attributes to it the loss of natural freedom, equality and innocence of the natural state. This loss is irreversible, but the lack of freedom, inequality and moral depravity of the bourgeois society driven by the selfishness (amour propre) of individuals can be overcome politically. (1)
According to Rousseau, the extensive homogeneity of property relations is one of the social functional conditions of a good, republican order.

1. J.-J. Rousseau, Abhandlung über den Ursprung und die Grundlagen der Ungleichheit unter den Menschen. In Rousseau, Schriften, Hrsg. Henning Ritter, Bd.   1, Frankfurt a. M. S. 230

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rousseau I
J. J. Rousseau
Les Confessions, 1765-1770, publ. 1782-1789
German Edition:
The Confessions 1953

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-09-25
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