Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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I 66
Pareto optimum/principle of efficiency/Rawls: simply corresponds to the Pareto optimum (see V. Pareto, Manuel d' économie politique, Paris, 1909, ch. VI, §53 and Appendix, §89.)
I 67
The point is that a configuration is always efficient when it is impossible to change it without putting people (at least one person) at a disadvantage. An efficient configuration does not imply an absolute equal distribution.
I 68
Within a range of optimal shapes, no shape is superior to the actual unequal distribution of another shape. The different characteristics are not comparable in this sense.
I 79
The principle of efficiency can be applied to the basic structure (of a community) if it is applied to the [assumed] expectations of representative members. (See J. M. Buchananan "The Relevance of Pareto Optimality", Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 6,1962 - J. M. Buchanan and Gordon Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, Ann Arbor, 1962.).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-08-05
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