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Friedrich Nietzsche on Judaism - Dictionary of Arguments

Danto III 203
Judaism/Jews/Nietzsche/Danto: Nietzsche's attitude towards the Jews has proved to be a delicate and controversial matter. He himself was not an anti-Semite. In his early years, however, he was under Wagner's influence. His sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, who was married to Bernhard Förster, an anti-Semite, tried to exert influence.
((s) Later she succeeded in doing so by influencing the first complete edition of Nietzsche's works, 1892).
Danto: Nietzsche had only scorn and contempt for anti-Semitism, even though he was not a pro-Semite. Problematic sections in his works are for example:
In this reversal of values (...) lies the meaning of the Jewish people: with them begins the slave rebellion of morality." (F. Nietzsche: Jenseits von Gut und Böse, KGW VI. 2, p. 119.)
Danto: Nietzsche could not reasonably require his readers to have the necessary sensitivity to not see such dictations as an accusation of the Jews in the face of the evil in the modern world. Although he was not anti-Semite, his language is misleading to the point of irresponsibility.

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Höffe I 377
Judaism/Antisemitism/Nietzsche/Höffe: Nietzsche is usually accused of anti-Semitism. It is true that some passages, especially when they are taken out of context, can be read that way. In Aphorism No. 475(1), however, the clear opposite takes place, for here Nietzsche sharply condemns the anti-Semitism of the time. He emphasizes for Judaism a "mental and will capital accumulated in a long school of suffering from generation to generation" and recalls that the world owes Judaism "the noblest man (Christ), the purest sage (Spinoza), the most powerful book and the most effective moral law in the world.


1. F. Nietzsche Ein Blick auf den Staat. In: F. Nietzsche, Menschliches, Allzumenschliches, 1878


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Nie I
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009

Nie V
F. Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil 2014

Danto I
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
German Edition:
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Danto III
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
German Edition:
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

Danto VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-04-13
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