|Habermas IV 80
Religion/Durkheim/HabermasVsDurkheim/Habermas: where Durkheim tries to make the origin of the sacred clear, his connection to the tradition of the philosophy of consciousness becomes apparent: Durkheim's thesis: Religions should consist of religious beliefs and ritual practices. For Durkheim, religion is thus an expression of a collective, supra-individual consciousness. Since consciousness needs an intentional object, Durkheim is looking for
Habermas IV 81
the object of religious imagination.
For religion itself, of course, this is the divine being - for Durkheim, however, "the transfigured and symbolically conceived society" hides behind it. Society is the collective to which the group members associate themselves; in short, "the collective person" is created in such a way that it reaches beyond the consciousness of the individual persons and yet is at the same time immanent. It also has all the characteristics of an awe-inspiring moral authority. (1)
HabermasVsDurkheim: this is circular: the moral is attributed to the holy, this to collective ideas of an entity, which in turn should consist of a system of compulsory norms.
1. E. Durkheim, Sociologie et philosophie, Paris 1951, German Frankfurt 1967, p.104_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Rules of Sociological Method - French: Les Règles de la Méthode Sociologique, Paris 1895
Die Regeln der soziologischen Methode Frankfurt/M. 1984
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981