Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Giambattista Vico on History - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 226
History/Nature/Vico/Gadamer: In response to the Cartesian doubt and the certainty of mathematical knowledge of nature founded by him, Vico [has] claimed the epistemological primacy of the man-made world of history (...).
Gadamer I 231
Dilthey: According to Dilthey, the old preference that Vico already attributed to historical objects is the basis of the universality with which understanding takes possession of the historical world.
Gadamer: But the question is whether on this basis the transition from the psychological to the hermeneutical point of view is really successful or whether Dilthey thereby gets entangled in problem contexts that bring him into an unwanted and unacknowledged proximity to speculative idealism.
Gadamer I 235
GadamerVsVico: Is Vico's often mentioned formula [of "epistemological relief"] (...) even correct? Doesn't it transfer an experience of the human artistic spirit to the historical world, in which one cannot speak of "making", i.e. planning and execution in the face of the course of events? Where is the epistemological relief to come from here? Isn't it in fact a complication? Must not the historical conditionality of consciousness represent an insurmountable barrier for its completion in historical knowledge?
Gadamer I 378
Historism/Gadamer: It is the seduction of historism to see in [a] reduction the virtue of scientificity and to see in understanding a kind of reconstruction that repeats, as it were, the origin of the text.He thus follows the
Gadamer I 379
known ideal of knowledge from knowledge of nature, according to which we understand a process only when we can induce it artificially.
GadamervsVico: Vico's sentence is [questionable], according to which this ideal finds its purest fulfilment in history, because there the human encounters his or her own human-historical reality. On the other hand, we have stressed that every historian and philologist must anticipate the fundamental impossibility of closing the horizon of meaning. >Horizon/Gadamer, >Experience/Gadamer.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Vico I
Giambattista Vico
Prinzipien einer neuen Wissenschaft über die gemeinsame Natur der Völker Hamburg 2009

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-05-14
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