|Metaphor: a metaphor is the transmission of a linguistic expression into a different context than that in which it was expected. The expectation results from the frequency of previous uses in certain contexts. Through the transmission an expression, which is actually expected at this place in the speech, is replaced. The condition for replacement is a certain similarity between the characteristics of the old and the new expression required for understanding. The improbability of the appearance of the new expression is a condition for the rhetorical effect of the metaphor._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Metaphors/Science/Sokal/Bricmont: we criticize the use of scientific terms by authors who have not understood the scientific meaning of these terms themselves. This is not, as some have assumed, a metaphorical use of expressions by these authors. Finally, a metaphor is usually used to illustrate something unknown by relating it to something known, not the other way around._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Fashionabel Nonsense. Postmodern Intellectuals Abuse of Science, New York 1998
Eleganter Unsinn. Wie die Denker der Postmoderne die Wissenschaften missbrauchen München 1999
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals’ Abuse of Science New York 1999