Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Practical syllogism: A practical syllogism is a form of reasoning that leads to a conclusion about what to do. It is typically composed of three parts as a major premise that states a general principle or rule, a minor premise that states a specific fact or situation, a conclusion that states an action to be taken. See also Syllogisms, Logic, Practical inference, Actions, Action theory.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Aristotle on Practical Syllogism - Dictionary of Arguments

Wright I 36
Practical Syllogism/Aristoteles/Wright, G. H.: The idea goes back to Aristotle. (Aristotle, Ethica Nicomachea, 1147a 25-30).
Wright: the conclusions to a correct interpretation is not easy to find. Aristotle himself deals with the subject very unsystematically and his examples are often confusing. One possibility of reconstruction is: the starting point or supremacy of syllogism mentions a desired object or an objective of action; the subordinate relates a certain action to this object as a means to an end, and
the conclusio is ultimately the use of this means to achieve that purpose. Just as in a theoretical conclusion the assertion of the premises necessarily leads to the concluding statement of the conclusion, so in a practical conclusion from the affirmation of the premises follows the corresponding action.
, >Practical inference.
Anscombe: the practical conclusion is not a form of proof, but a form of justification which is of a different kind than evidence syllogism.
WrightVsAristotle: however, the peculiarities of practical syllogism and its relationship to theoretical justifications are complex and remain unclear.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

WrightCr I
Crispin Wright
Truth and Objectivity, Cambridge 1992
German Edition:
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001

WrightCr II
Crispin Wright
"Language-Mastery and Sorites Paradox"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976

WrightGH I
Georg Henrik von Wright
Explanation and Understanding, New York 1971
German Edition:
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008

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