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Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Science: Science is a systematic process of acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. It is based on the assumption that the universe is governed by natural laws that can be discovered through scientific inquiry. See also Method, Review, Knowledge, Verification, Confirmation.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Johann Gustav Droysen on Science - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 219
Science/Droysen/Gadamer: Droysen's formula for historical recognition is therefore "to understand by research" (§ 8)(1). Therein lies both an infinite mediation and an understanding" (§ 8). Therein lies also an infinite mediation and a final immediacy. The concept of research, which Droysen here so meaningfully links with that of understanding, is intended to mark the infinity of the task by which the historian is fundamentally separated from the achievements of artistic creation as well as from the perfect harmony which sympathy and love between I and you bring about.
Only in "restlessly" researching the tradition, in the opening up of ever new sources and in ever new interpretations of the same, does research gradually approach the "idea". That sounds like a reference to the procedure of the natural sciences and like an anticipation of the Neo-Kantian interpretation of the thing in itself (as the "infinite task"). But on closer inspection it becomes clear that there is something else in it. Because Droysen's formula not only demarcates the historian's action against the consummate ideality of art and against the intimate communion of souls, but it also seems to be against the procedure of the natural sciences. >Research/Droysen.

1. J.G. Droysen, Grundriß der Historik, 1868


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Droys I
J. G. Droysen
Grundriss der Historik Paderborn 2011

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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