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Johann Gustav Droysen on Sense - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 221
Sense/History/Droysen/Gadamer: [by means of the term] the expression (...) historical reality rises into the sphere of the meaningful, and thus in Droysen's methodological self-contemplation hermeneutics becomes master over history: "The individual is understood in the whole, and the whole from the individual" (§ 10)(1). >Understanding/Droysen.
Gadamer: This is the old rhetorical-hermeneutical basic rule, which is now turned inward:
Schleiermacher: "The one who understands, because he or she is an I, a totality in him- or herself, like the one he or she has to understand, the person's totality is complemented by the individual utterance and the individual utterance by its totality. "That's Schleiermacher's formula. In its application lies that Droysen shares its premise, that is, the history which he sees as acts of freedom is nevertheless deeply understandable and meaningful to him as a text.
Droysen: The completion of the understanding of history is, like the understanding of a text, "spiritual presence".
DroysenVsRanke/Gadamer: So we see Droysen more clearly defining than Ranke what research and understanding implies in terms of mediation, but in the end he too is only able to conceive the task of history in aesthetic-hermeneutic
Gadamer I 222
categories. According to Droysen, what history is striving for is to reconstruct the great text of history from the fragments of tradition.
1. J.G. Droysen, Grundriss der Historik, 1868_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
J. G. Droysen
Grundriss der Historik Paderborn 2011
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977
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