Psychology Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Positivism, philosophy: modern positivism represents the demand to trace back statements with a claim to explanation to differences which can be ascertained in the objects of investigation. What is ascertainable is, in this case, relativized to a framework theory and its methods. This is intended to exclude foreign and non-verifiable statements. See also empiricism, internal/external, truth, provability._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Auguste Comte on Positivism - Dictionary of Arguments
Wright I 152
Positivism/Comte/Wright, G. H.: Comte's positivism is above all science theory (Cf. Comte 1830(1)). Comte's ultimate goal was to be an advocate of the "positive" scientific spirit in the study of social phenomena. Coupled with this was a strong belief in the usefulness of scientific knowledge for social reforms. (1830, lecon I, 8).
Wright, G. H.: it is perhaps not uninteresting that Comte can be compared to Francis Bacon as a herald of a technological view of knowledge. Both contributed significantly to the creation of a certain "scientistic climate of opinion", but almost nothing at all was contributed to the actual scientific progress. (G. H. von WrightVsBacon, G. H. von WrightVsComte.)
>Technology, >Science, >Empiricism, >Sociology, >Explanation.
1. Comte, A.: Cours de philosophie positive, Avertissement de l' Auteur, 1830._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Cours de Philosophie Positive (Ed.1830) New York 2012
Truth and Objectivity, Cambridge 1992
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001
"Language-Mastery and Sorites Paradox"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976
Georg Henrik von Wright
Explanation and Understanding, New York 1971
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008
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