Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. See also actions, meaning, knowledge.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Norbert Wiener on Understanding - Dictionary of Arguments

Weizenbaum I 306
Understanding/Machine/Artificial Intelligence/N. Wiener/Weizenbaum: (N. Wiener 1960(1)): It is possible that we are not able to build a machine for reasons of principle, whose behavioral components we cannot understand sooner or later. But that does not mean that we will be able to understand these components within a much shorter period of time than it is necessary to install the machine...the really intelligent understanding of functioning (of a machine) can lag far behind the accomplishment of the task that was originally assigned to it.... this also means that machines are theoretically subject to human criticism, but the critique does not take effect because it comes too late and is no longer relevant.
>Artificial Intelligence
, >Artificial Consciousness, >Strong Artificial Intelligence, >Artificial General Intelligence, >Human Level AI, >Robots, >Robot rights, >Machine Learning, >Artificial Neural Networks, >Black Box.
Weizenbaum: what Wiener has described as a possibility has become reality. (Weizenbaum writes in the mid-seventies.)

1. N. Wiener, Some Moral and Technical Consequences of Automation in: Science Vol. CXXXI (1960) p. 1355.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

WienerN I
Norbert Wiener
Cybernetics, Second Edition: or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine Cambridge, MA 1965

WienerN II
N. Wiener
The Human Use of Human Beings (Cybernetics and Society), Boston 1952
German Edition:
Mensch und Menschmaschine Frankfurt/M. 1952

Weizenbaum I
Joseph Weizenbaum
Computer Power and Human Reason. From Judgment to Calculation, W. H. Freeman & Comp. 1976
German Edition:
Die Macht der Computer und die Ohnmacht der Vernunft Frankfurt/M. 1978

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