Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Laws: A. Laws are rules created and enforced by governments to regulate behavior, protect people's rights, and promote order and justice in society. - B. Laws of nature are fundamental principles that describe how the universe works. They are universal and unchanging. - C. The status of laws in the individual sciences is controversial, since they may only describe regularities. See also Natural laws, Regularities, Principles.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Antiphon the Sophist on Laws - Dictionary of Arguments

Taureck I 59
Law/Antiphon/Sophist/Taureck: (fragment discovered in 1915): Justice:
Laws: laws are arbitrary and hostile to nature.
Nature: nature is necessary.
, >Nature.
I 61
To those who adopt the laws, the justice does not come sufficiently to their aid. At first it lets the sufferings of the sufferer and the deed of the perpetrator happen quietly. In court, the sufferer does not have any advantage. He must be as convincing as the perpetrator. He first wants to gain the ability to win the process. The same means remain the perpetrator.
All considerations of Antiphon are guided by the utility.
Cf. >Benefit, >Utilitarianism.
I 63
Antiphone denies the benefit of compliance of state laws. But he does not call for "exit" from the state. He is against anarchy and for an equality of people. "We all breathe through mouth and nose". Education and discipline are desirable.
I 65
Translation: "if" can be translated with "because", a meaning change follows.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Antiphon the Sophist
Taureck I
B. H.F. Taureck
Die Sophisten Hamburg 1995

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