|Totality, philosophy: is the entirety of the components of a domain. An entity that can be described by specifying the characteristics, properties, rules, possible states, the possible actions, possible changes etc. Statements about totalities are impossible if it is required that the standpoint for these statements would have to be localized both inside and outside of this totality. Since it is impossible to define a totality without a circle and the help of concepts from this totality itself, it is problematic to speak of a totality of the world. See also paradoxes, wholes, set theory, universal class, universal set, mereological sum, systems, exterior/interior._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ancient Philosophy on Totality - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 462
Whole/Ancient Philosophy/Gadamer: In this thinking there is no talk of a worldless
Gadamer I 463
spirit that is certain of itself and that would have to seek the path to worldly existence, but both originally belong together. The relationship is the primary one. In the relationship of ends it is so that the mediations by which something is achieved do not by chance prove to be suitable for the attainment of the end, but they are chosen and taken from the outset as appropriate means to the end. The allocation of the means to the end is therefore a priori. (...) as in all living conditions, it is considered that they can only be thought of under the idea of expediency, as the mutual coordination of all parts with each other.(1)
>Purpose/Ancient philosophy, >Teleology, >Purpose/Aristotle.
1. As is well known, Kant's criticism of teleological judgement also leaves this subjective necessity quite intact._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977