Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Theology: in Greek ancient times originally a narrative about the Gods, later a more and more theoretical-scientific exploration of the divine. From the second century, theology becomes increasingly monotheistic. The concept of theology is not used in non-Christian religions.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Walter Benjamin on Theology - Dictionary of Arguments

Bolz II 14
Theology/Politics/Benjamin: Theology and political thought form a totality that must be thought of as a juxtaposition of extremes.
Bolz II 17
Benjamin is often called a witness of historical materialism, negative theology, and even of literary-scientific deconstructivism.
>Historical materialism
, >Deconstructivism.
Bolz II 21
Secularization of theology (1st history-philosophical thesis: theology must seek protection in historical materialism).
Bolz II 31
Theology/Benjamin: Exodus from the philosophy in the commentary.
Benjamin himself hides his metaphysical and theological motifs in his work.
Typical formulas: "brush against the stroke" "cover and veiled".
Secularization of theology for its salvation.
Turn to a "pragmatic" communism.
Salvation: salvation is not the goal of history, but its end.
>Redemption, cf. >End of History.
Bolz II 34
Theology/Benjamin: Because theocracy has no political meaning, the world politics of the political theologian must be nihilistic in order to promote its mental meaning.(1)
This is the scheme according to which Benjamin's studies on Baroque, Baudelaire and Surrealism also articulate a Gnostic protest. It is directed against the return of antiquity on the apex of modernity as it is predicted by Nietzsche in Max Weber's doctrine of Occidental Realism.
>Procedural rationality/Weber, >Western Rationalism.
Bolz II 35
Eye to eye with fascism, theology is forced into inversion
If a free mankind is to seek happiness in the field of history, the dependent mankind must now take a foot in hopelessness. Foot ... not hope.
Bolz II 36
Teaching is abolished critique, critique is inverse theology and religion is the "concrete totality of experience".(2)

1. W. Benjamin, Gesammelte Schriften. Unter Mitwirkung von Th. W. Adorno und Gershom Sholem herausgegeben von Rolf Tiedemann und Hermann Schweppenhäuser Frankfurt/M. 1972-89. Bd II, S. 204
2. Ebenda. S. 170

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Bo I
N. Bolz
Kurze Geschichte des Scheins München 1991

Bolz II
Norbert Bolz
Willem van Reijen
Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1991

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