Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Negation, philosophy, logic: negation of a sentence. In logic, this is done by prefixing the negation symbol. Colloquially expressed by the word "not", which can be at different positions in the sentence. If the negation refers only to one sentence part, this must be made clear by the position, e.g. a predicate can be denied without negating the whole sentence. In logic, therefore, inner and outer negation is distinguished by the use of different symbols.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Paul Lorenzen on Negation - Dictionary of Arguments

Berka I 268
Negation/Dialogical Logic/Lorenzen: If i a is asserted by P, it has lost when O asserts the assertion a and successfully defends it.
N.B.: precisely in this way the intuitionist logic arises.
Intuitionist Logic/Lorenzen: there is no winning strategy for A v i A: E.g.


A v i A
? A I i A
? I A

I 269
Here, for the variable A, we put a statement such that O knows a proof of it, but P does not.
Winning strategy/negation/dialogical logic/Lorenzen: for the explanation I show additionally that there is a winning strategy for:
i i (A v i A)

i i (A v i A)

i (A v i A) A v i A
? i A
A A v i A
? A (1)

1. P. Lorenzen, Ein dialogisches Konstruktivitätskriterium, in: Infinitistic Methods, (1961), 193-200

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lorn I
P. Lorenzen
Constructive Philosophy Cambridge 1987

Berka I
Karel Berka
Lothar Kreiser
Logik Texte Berlin 1983

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