Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Behavior, philosophy: behavior ist the set of observable changes in the describable state of living organisms that are initiated by these organisms themselves, or which are a reaction to external stimuli, in which there is a certain choice of the reaction. Flanking thoughts do not belong to behavior, since an arbitrary extension of the frame of reference would make a determination of the behavior impossible. See also behaviorism, psychology, mentalism, naturalism, observation.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Chris Frith on Behavior - Dictionary of Arguments

I 125
Behavior/learning/algorithm/Frith: there are also algorithms to learn what exactly needs to be done to get a reward.
I 126
TD-Algorithm/machine/learning: (TD = temporal difference): this algorithm allows to determine the correct action sequence (also an actor-critic model).
Criticism: the critic comments on the change in value before and after the action (temporal difference). So a path is found that leads to the reward.
Value/associative learning: the value has no exact match in the real world. Only in the model.
I 127
Associative learning/Frith: associative learning constructs a world map in the brain.
I 129
For example, the gripping opening of the hand opens up more for a cherry when an apple is nearby.
Brain: the brain automatically prepares action programs, in relation to objects in the environment.
I 130
Map/brain/Frith: there is only one "world map" in the brain, not a series of maps. The map itself has no memory. It is like looking at the world through a kaleidoscope. An incorrect prediction changes the pattern and replaces the old one.
Cultural Relativism/VsFrith: one could argue that the mind is constantly adapting itself to a culture that is the work of many brains.
FrithVsVs: this fails to see the difference between conscious and unconscious processes.
Consciousness/Virginia Woolf: e.g the novel "The Waves": here the consciousnesses are described in complete isolation from each other. But the reader will be familiar to everyone.
I 224
Imitation/Frith: there is a compulsion to imitate other people.
For example, students who are dealing with a "senior vocabulary" are slower.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Frith I
Chris Frith
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
German Edition:
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013

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