Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Deception, philosophy: A deception is an idea that diverges from what would have been expected by the way in which this idea was caused, when the expectation or expectability is based on past experience or shared experiences and expectations of a community of subjects. See also error, causal theory of knowledge, reliability theory, knowledge, certainty, objectivity, intersubjectivity.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Chris Frith on Deceptions - Dictionary of Arguments

I 30
Waterfall deception/deception/illusion: for example, objects stand still here, but we still see them moving. There is also the reverse deception.
I 37
Deception/illusion/Frith: for example, someone who is deaf can be awakened by the illusion of hearing loud music.
I 39
False Knowledge/Frith: e.g. epilepsy can lead to false knowledge.
I 40
Aura: an aura lets a person hear voices and sounds. Also e.g. experiences from the past.
I 41
This can lead to false knowledge.
I 47
Schizophrenia/Frith: typical characteristic of schizophrenia: e.g. the people firmly believe that they had had experiences, which they did not have.
I 49
Illusion/Schizophrenia/Frith: people hear voices that give them commands and comment on actions. The brain can create a false mental world. It is not about the physical world.
Thesis: even the completely normally functioning brain can tell us something wrong.
I 51
Brain/world/reality/perception/Frith: thesis: even if our brain works normally, we have no direct access to the world.
I 83
Movement/perception/deception/illusion/Frith: for example, the hand should draw a straight line that appears on the computer screen - but the hand itself is not visible. The computer itself can produce distortions.
N.B.: you do not know what the hand is doing. The border is outside the body and ends at the cursor I move across the screen.
E.g. people see a hand in the mirror without knowing that it is the hand of a helper.
I 85
Conscious action: self-awareness: here the boundary lies within the body and ends at the point where I intend to draw a vertical line.
I 89
Deception/optical/illusion: for example, a target in a frame is shown briefly, then again, with the target remaining, but the frame has moved somewhat.
The person believes that the target has moved, but not the frame.
N.B.: only the visual cortex comes to the conclusion that the frame has remained when the person is supposed to show where he/she presumes the target to be, he/she shows the correct position. The pointing movement is not affected by the movement of the frame.
Knowledge: the hand "knows" that the target has not moved.
I 90/91
Brain/Frith: our brain does not tell us if our body moves differently than we intend (for normal people).
I 209
Definition Schizophrenia/Frith: shizophrenia is not a personality split, but the split runs between the parts of a personality, i.e. between emotion and knowledge.
I 210
Diagnosis: there are no physical signs of schizophrenia. The diagnosis is based on what the patient tells the doctor. The patient believes that his action is controlled by foreign powers. He hallucinates about foreign powers.
I 211
Erroneous immunity/immunity/error/misidentification/Frith: erroneous immunity does not appear to exist in the case of schizophrenia.
Thought/thinking/Frith: that leads to the question of how we know where our thoughts come from and that they are our own thoughts.
I 235
Deception/Frith: autists are usually not able to deceive someone.
Friendship/society/community: this is the reason why autists are often alone.
I 236
The ability to deceive is an important prerequisite to maintain friendships.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Frith I
Chris Frith
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
German Edition:
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013

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