Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Chris Frith on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

I, 15ff
Language/sound/sounds/Frith: there are 1120 possibilities to produce 40 sounds in English.
Italian: in Italian there are only 33 possibilities to produce 25 sounds.
Brain/brain region: when reading, people who have grown up in England use somewhat different brain regions than people who have grown up in Italy.
I 194
Speech recognition/computer/Frith: how does the automatic translation of sounds into characters work?
Solution: internal models are developed that bridge the gap.
, >Reading acquisition, >Language acquisition,
>Reading, >Writing.
I 233
Language/culture/Frith: without the ability to develop mental models of the world and sharing with others, there would be neither language nor culture.
>Culture, >Cultural transmission.
Other minds: mental models open up a completely new possibility to influence the behavior of others.
>Mental models.
Physical world: here behavior is influenced by reward and punishment.
Mental world: here behavior is changed by knowledge.
>Knowledge, >Behavior, >Actions.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Frith I
Chris Frith
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
German Edition:
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013

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