|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Chris Frith on Language - Dictionary of Arguments
Language/sound/sounds/Frith: there are 1120 possibilities to produce 40 sounds in English.
Italian: in Italian there are only 33 possibilities to produce 25 sounds.
Brain/brain region: when reading, people who have grown up in England use somewhat different brain regions than people who have grown up in Italy.
Speech recognition/computer/Frith: how does the automatic translation of sounds into characters work?
Solution: internal models are developed that bridge the gap.
Language/culture/Frith: without the ability to develop mental models of the world and sharing with others, there would be neither language nor culture.
Foreign psychological: mental models open up a completely new possibility to influence the behavior of others.
Physical world: here behavior is influenced by reward and punishment.
Mental world: here behavior is changed by knowledge._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World, Hoboken/NJ 2007
Wie unser Gehirn die Welt erschafft Heidelberg 2013