|Texts: A text is a written or printed piece of language-based communication, ranging from individual words to longer passages or documents, conveying information, ideas, or stories. See also Language, Writing, Information, Communication, Meaning, Words, Word meaning, Sentence meanging, Literature, Culture, Cultural transmission._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Hans-Georg Gadamer on Texts - Dictionary of Arguments
Text/Transmission/Communication/Gadamer: The hermeneutic experience is about transmission. It is what should come to experience. But tradition is not simply an event that one learns to recognize and master through experience,
but it is language, i.e. it speaks of its own accord like a "you". A you is not an object, but behaves towards one. This is not to be misunderstood as if in the tradition what is experienced there is understood as the opinion of another person who is a you. Rather, we maintain that understanding tradition does not understand the handed-down text as the expression of life of a "you", but as a meaning that is detached from all ties of those who think, of me and you. Nevertheless, the attitude towards the you and the meaning of experience that takes place there must be able to serve the analysis of hermeneutical experience. For a genuine communication partner, with whom we belong together as much as the I with the you, is also the tradition.
Text/Gadamer: Collingwood Thesis: In truth, one can only understand a text if one has understood the question to which it is an answer. One will only understand historical events if one reconstructs the question to which the historical action of the person was the answer in each case. >History/Collingwood, >Question/Answer/Collingwood.
GadamerVsCollingwood: The use Collingwood makes of the logic of question and answer for hermeneutical theory becomes ambiguous through [the] extrapolation [to the whole of history]. Our understanding of written tradition as such is not such that we can simply presuppose the correspondence between the meaning we recognize in it and the meaning its author had in mind. Just as the events of history generally do not correspond to the subjective ideas of the one who stands and acts in history, so too the tendencies of the meaning of a text generally extend far beyond the meaning that its author had in mind. The task of understanding goes first and foremost to the meaning of the text itself. Cf. >GadamerVsVico.
Understanding/Gadamer: It is in the historical finiteness of our existence that we are aware that after us others will always understand differently.
GadamerVsCollingwood: The hermeneutic reduction to the opinion of the author is just as inappropriate as the reduction to the intention of the actor in the case of historical events. See >Plan/Collingwood.
Text/Gadamer: Text does not want to be understood as an expression of life, but in what it says. Writing is the abstract ideality of language. The meaning of a written record is therefore basically identifiable and repeatable. What is identical in repetition alone is what was really laid down in the written record. This also makes it clear that repetition cannot be meant here in the strict sense. It does not mean a reference back to an original first in which something is said or written, as such. Reading understanding is not a repetition of something past, but participation in a present meaning._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977