|Prediction, philosophy: statements about the future are about the conditions under which one is willing to give them credibility. Among other things, this is an assessment of the methods used. See also regularity, causality, reliability, reliability theory, explanation, projectability, induction, deduction, certainty, methods, future, extrapolation, statistics, probability, natural laws, truth values._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
a) simple case: the attribution and prediction of the behavior of other animals is initially more efficient if instead of an explicit representation only a "hidden variable" is assumed.
b) complex case: if the behavior becomes more complex however, the representation of foreign mental states is more efficient!
If one can trace the inner state, one no longer needs to trace every single connection between stimulus and behavior._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Primate Worlds", in: The Evolution of Cognition, C. Heyes/L. Huber (Eds.) Cambridge/MA 2000
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005
Dawkins vs. Gould: Survival of the Fittest Cambridge/UK 2007