|Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Baruch Spinoza on Ethics - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 231
Ethics/Spinoza/Höffe: In this encyclopaedic work(1) the mathematical ("geometric") method serves less to assure knowledge than its "production" according to an inner necessity. God is neither as with Descartes the guarantor of truth nor as with Pascal as "God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob" the object of religious faith.
>B. Pascal, >R. Descartes, >God.
Not part of a
Höffe I 232
philosophy of consciousness, but at the same time a philosophy of being, a philosophy of nature and a moral philosophy, God is considered the perfect and at the same time the only (Greek monos) substance.
>Monism/Spinoza, >Substance/Spinoza, >Morality, >Nature, >World.
1. Spinoza. Ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata, 1677_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016