Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Relevance: is the importance of previously identified aspects of an object, action or situation against other aspects in relation to a description or assessment. See also relevance logic.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Michael Scriven on Relevance - Dictionary of Arguments

Fraassen I 104
Relevance/explanation/ScrivenVsHempel/BrombergerVsHempel: Relevance provides neither sufficient nor necessary conditions that something is an explanation.
Not sufficient: good belief reasons are no explanation: e.g. redshift cannot be a reason for the expansion.
>Redshift
.
Not necessary: not every explanation gives good belief reasons. - E.g. rare disease as a result of a frequent disease: - So you advise for treatment. - but it would not be rational to expect that the disease occurs.
E.g. a very small amount of uranium does probably not radiate - but when it radiates the correct explanation is, that it is uranium.
E.g. a man that takes birth control pills and does not get pregnant.
I 109
Relevance is not sufficient: E.g. 90% of the plants are killed: then it is not an explanation for the plants that survived that they were sprayed.
>Sufficiency, >Explanations, >Causal explanation, >Statistics,
>Probability, >Probability theory.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Fr I
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980


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