|Proximal theory, philosophy: theories of learning or language acquisition are called proximal, which assume that the meanings to be learned are to be located at the nerve endings of the learning subject. It is assumed that the meanings are not "in the head," as the formulation of H. Putnam states (H. Putnam, "The Meaning of Meaning”. In Philosophical Papers, Vol 2. Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge, 227). The counterpositions to the proximal theory are summarized under the concept of distal theories. These assume that meanings are to be settled on the surfaces of the objects. Distal theories proceed from a social learning, proximal theories from a subject-centric language acquisition. See also distal theories, language acquisition, meaning, meaning theory, twin earth._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Joelle Proust Das intentionale Tier in D. Perler/M. Wild (Hg) Der Geist der Tiere Frankfurt/M. 2005
Proximal/Proust: primitive creatures such as the lumpfish (sea snails) react to a proximal state of the receptors.
Proximal/Proust: e.g. Snail: a snail can only process information when there is contact with its receptors.
Distal: Birds and mammals need no contact with their receptors. Therefore, they can develop completely different spatial terms! (VsQuine).
Space/Animal/Thinking/Proust: intuitive, space is a kind of empty framework for possible perceptual content.
The relation which is of interest to us is the occurrence at the same place, i.e. the equivalence class for all perception experience that affect the same localization in the environment.
Proust: this relation is interesting because it does not presuppose either the concept of space or the concept of a concept. It is purely logical.
Proust: the occurrence in the same place is also essential as a basis for the recognition of objects.
Definition Calibration/Proust: Calibration is adaptation of an auditory pattern to a visual. ((s) Coordination of sensory impressions.)
Proust: this mechanism is essential to correct the sensory inputs._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"L’animal intentionnel", in: Terrain 34, Les animaux, pensent-ils?, Paris: Ministère de la Culture/Editions de la maison des Sciences de l’Homme 2000, pp. 23-36
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005