Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Generality: Generality refers to properties that are shared by multiple objects. There are no "general objects". See also Properties, Generalization, Generalizability.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Papineau on Generality - Dictionary of Arguments

I 255
Generality/Animal/Thinking/Papineau: no simple organism explicitly represents general facts. E.g. it is one thing to represent the location of a particular pond, that water is in ponds is quite another matter. This corresponds to the question: which animals can have beliefs?
, >Thinking, >World/thinking, >Thinking without language, >Spatial localization, >Representation.
I 256
Purpose-means-thinking/Papineau: I have not defined this concept in terms of beliefs but of design: as the use of general representations. I avoid the concept belief.
>Beliefs, >Content.
Representation/Papineau: why should an animal have no general representations?
I 257
After all, it has this disposition right now, because its behavior in the past has led to this result.
Disposition/Representation/Papineau: should the disposition itself not be regarded as the incarnation of the general information "Drinking supplies water"?
>Disposition, >Information.
I do not want to dispute such content attribution. The disposition represents information about the general "connection of reaction with result" (B&T, V>R).
Purpose-Means-Thinking/Papineau: if it requires explicit representations, it no longer follows that simple creatures can be considered ZM thinkers.
I 258
Explicit representation requires physical tangibility.
Vs: all behavioral dispositions must have some kind of physical embodiment.
>Behavior, >Embodiment.
I 259
Explicit/implicit: if an organism has implicitly different pieces of general information in different dispositions ("water is in ponds"), it still has no system to combine them.
>Complexity, >Parts, >Whole, >Sense.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Papineau I
David Papineau
"The Evolution of Means-End Reasoning" in: D. Papineau: The Roots of Reason, Oxford 2003, pp. 83-129
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005

Papineau II
David Papineau
The antipathetic fallacy and the boundaries of consciousness
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996

Papineau III
D. Papineau
Thinking about Consciousness Oxford 2004

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