Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Science: Science is a systematic process of acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. It is based on the assumption that the universe is governed by natural laws that can be discovered through scientific inquiry. See also Method, Review, Knowledge, Verification, Confirmation.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Friedrich Nietzsche on Science - Dictionary of Arguments

Ries II 56
Science/Nietzsche: makes, what appears to be large, small, relativizes judgements, thwarts consolations.
Gay Science/Nietzsche: Science of the free mind.
Danto III 42
Science/Nietzsche/Danto: He does not regard science as a source of truth or a method for discovering it, but rather sees it as a certain set of useful fictions or useful conventions, which in reality is not better or worse anchored than any once defined set of fictions that might conflict with it.
No different from religion, morality or art, it is a manifestation of the so called will to power: that driving force and dynamic which imposes a form and structure on the essentially chaotic reality in order to shape it into a world which is appropriate to human understanding and at the same time inhabitable by human intelligence.
>Will/Nietzsche, >Power/Nietzsche, >Art/Nietzsche, >Religion/Nietzsche.
Contents/Science/Nietzsche: The content does not count as much as the function, it does not really count at all. Science is not true, judging by Nietzsche's concept of truth.
Danto III 78
Science/Nietzsche/Danto: For Nietzsche, science and art are both deceptive. Both have to be assessed and distinguished on a completely different basis, more in terms of their instrumental than descriptive capacity, i. e. in terms of their support for life.
Danto III 79
Danto: for Nietzsche, it was not impossible that science could one day completely fill the place of religions, which it had already intellectually replaced and that of art, whose further development it was.(1)
Danto III 232
Science/Belief/Religion/Nietzsche/Danto: In the Gay Science Nietzsche asks in 1886, to what extent we are still pious. The answer is that we are pious insofar as we continue to believe in the truth.(2)
Nietzsche: You can see that science is also based on the belief that there is no 'science without preconditions'.(3)
Reality/Nietzsche/Danto: According to Nietzsche, it is necessary for science that there is an order and a reality which it must try to discover.
Nietzsche:... insofar as he affirms this 'other world', does he not have to deny his counterpart, this world, our world...? ... Then it is still a metaphysical belief on which our belief in science is based (...). Plato's belief that God is the truth, that the truth is divine.... (4)
>Truth/Plato, >World/Nietzsche.

1. F. Nietzsche, Menschliches, Allzumenschliches, KGW IV, 2 p. 155.
2. F. Nietzsche Die Fröhliche Wissenschaft, KGW V. 2, p. 256.
3. Ibid. p. 257.
4. Ibid. p. 259.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Nie I
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009

Nie V
F. Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil 2014

Ries II
Wiebrecht Ries
Nietzsche zur Einführung Hamburg 1990

Danto I
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
German Edition:
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Danto III
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
German Edition:
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

Danto VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005

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