Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Friedrich Nietzsche on Rationality - Dictionary of Arguments

Danto III 56
Rationality/Nietzsche/Danto: According to Nietzsche there are two kinds of people: the sensible and the intuitive person, whereby the first fears intuition and the latter rejects rationality. Rationality is the fate of all enforced intuition and intuition is the source of all prevailing rationality.(1)
Danto III 66
Rationality/Apollonian/Dionysian/art/Nietzsche/Danto: Nietzsche's opposition pair of Apollonian/Dionysian equates with that of rationality and irrationality would be too superficial. Ultimately, dreaming is nothing more rational than dancing and the music - which the Greeks grouped together with mathematics - it is no less rational than poetry.
>Literature/Nietzsche, >Art/Nietzsche, >">Aesthetics/Nietzsche.
Dionysian/Nietzsche/Danto: Nietzsche distinguishes between the barbaric and the Hellenized Dionysian.(2)
Danto III 77/78
Rationality/Nietzsche/Danto: Nietzsche never spoke out against rationality or science at any point in his work; he never said about them that they were harmful to life.
Danto III 159/160
Rationality/Action/Nietzsche/Danto: it is hard to believe that we could ever have planned our actions already carried out by us.

1. F. Nietzsche, Über Wahrheit und Lüge im außermoralischen Sinne, KGW 1/III, 2, S. 383.
2. F. Nietzsche, Die Geburt der Tragödie, KGW 2, III, 1. S. 27f.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Nie I
Friedrich Nietzsche
Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe Berlin 2009

Nie V
F. Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil 2014

Danto I
A. C. Danto
Connections to the World - The Basic Concepts of Philosophy, New York 1989
German Edition:
Wege zur Welt München 1999

Danto III
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche as Philosopher: An Original Study, New York 1965
German Edition:
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998

Danto VII
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005

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