Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Science: Science is a systematic process of acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. It is based on the assumption that the universe is governed by natural laws that can be discovered through scientific inquiry. See also Method, Review, Knowledge, Verification, Confirmation.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Peter B. Medawar on Science - Dictionary of Arguments

Reulecke I 37
Science/Theory/Medawar: thesis: the genre of a science article is bastardising per se, because it is inductive and functional-argumentative. Instead: "chronological-autobiographical narrative style".
Reulecke I 244
Science/Theory/Medawar: (1963)(1): "Is the scientific treatise a fraud?"
Thesis: the scientific treatise as a text type represents a fraud.
It was standardized in the twenties and forties and is still the most common today.
Medawar: it provides a fictitious and idealized representation of the knowledge process, because it misrepresents thought processes. It intends to bring the logical structure of research into accord with the principles of inductive epistemology.
, >Method, >Theories, >Epistemology, >Progress.

1. Medawar, P. B. (1963). Is the scientific paper a fraud? In P. B. Medawar (1963/1990), The threat and the glory (pp. 228-233). New York: Harper Collins.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Meda I
P. B. Medawar
The Uniqueness of the Individual

Reulecke I
Anne-Kathrin Reulecke
Fäschungen Frankfurt/M. 2006

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