Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Facts, philosophy: facts are that which corresponds to a true statement or - according to some authors - is identical with a true statement. Problems result from possible multiple counting of objects, e.g. when it is spoken of a situation and additionally by the fact that this situation exists. Therefore, some authors consider the assumption of facts as something superfluous. See also truths of reason, factual truths, facts, truth, statements, knowledge, certainty, thought objects.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Ernst Mayr on Facts - Dictionary of Arguments

I 49
Facts/Mayr: there are no pure facts, all are theory-laden.
, >Theory dependence, >Observation, >Theory ladenness.
I 49
Def knowledge/Mayr: facts and their interpretation.
>States of affairs, >Interpretation.
I 93
Fact/theory/law/Mayr: after the discovery of Pluto a theory became a fact. The laws of thermodynamics were just able to be called facts.
>Laws, >Laws of nature.
E.g. that birds have feathers is, however, a fact and not a law.
>Generalization, >Generality.
I 96
Biology/Mayr: here concepts play a bigger role than laws.
>Concepts, >Classification/Mayr, >Order/Mayr.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mayr I
Ernst Mayr
This is Biology, Cambridge/MA 1997
German Edition:
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998

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