|Morals: morals refers to a more or less coded set of rules, action maxims, duties and prohibitions within a society or group. Most of these rules are unconsciously internalized among the members of the society or group. Their justification and the possible assessment of actions are reflected in ethics and meta ethics. See also values, norms, rights, ethics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ernst Mayr on Morals - Dictionary of Arguments
Definition Moral Being/Darwin: a being capable of considering his past actions and their motives and approving some, and rejecting others.
>Actions, >Motives, >Values, >Judgments, >Ethics.
Moral/Russell: is objectively correct, which serves the interest of the group best.
Moral/Wilson: what is best for the group. It could be a disadvantage if all human groups had the same morality!
The rank of a norm also varies from culture to culture.
>Norms, >Culture, >Cultural Values, >Value Change.
Moral/Group: depends on the group size. If primitive groups are too large, the leaders lose control.
>Group behavior, >Group cohesion.
1. E. O. Wilson (1975). Sociobiology: The new Synthesis. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
This is Biology, Cambridge/MA 1997
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998