Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Experiment: artificial bringing about of an event or artificial creation of a state for testing a hypothesis. Experiments can lead to the reformulation of the initial hypotheses and the reformulation of theories. See also theories, measuring, science, hypotheses, Bayesianism, confirmation, events, paradigm change, reference systems.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Ernst Mayr on Experiments - Dictionary of Arguments

I 54
Experiment/Mayr: one could say that the discoveries by Galileo and his contemporaries were based on experiments "of nature itself". (Earthquakes, solar eclipses, volcanic eruptions).
I 58
Reproducibility, Repeatability of experiments: every ocean current is unique, and yet we can make laws and theories about ocean currents.
>Single case causation
, >Causality, >Regularities, >Theories,
>Generalization, >Laws, >Laws of Nature.
I 72
Experiment/Reproducibility/Confirmation/Mayr: e.g. after an earlier researcher found 48 chromosomes, this false result was confirmed by many other researchers. The correct number was 46! This was discovered only after the introduction of new techniques.
>Verification, >Falsification, >Review, >Confirmation,
>Measurements, >Observation.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Mayr I
Ernst Mayr
This is Biology, Cambridge/MA 1997
German Edition:
Das ist Biologie Heidelberg 1998

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