Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Animals: Animals are subjects of moral consideration, prompting debates on ethics, consciousness, and our responsibilities towards non-human beings in philosophical discourse. They challenge notions of personhood and the nature of sentience.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Konrad Lorenz on Animals - Dictionary of Arguments

Dawkins I 121
Animal/Lorenz: (The so-called evil) thesis: emphasizes the moderate and fair character of the fights of animals. They fight basically according to rules and prefer the bluff to the deadly seriousness. Submission gestures are recognized by the winner. Animals fight with "gloved fists."
DawkinsVsLorenz: this interpretation can be disputed, also the human is not the only being who kills his own fellow-human beings.
In fact, unreserved fighting fury also entails costs.
I 125/126
Aggression/Evolutionary stable strategy/ESS/Maynard Smith: Strategy: "Attack when the enemy flees, chase it, when it fights back, run away."
Dawkins: this must not be understood as a deliberately developed strategy of the individual!
I 126
Definition Evolutionary stable strategy/ESS/Dawkins: an evolutionary stable strategy is one that - if the majority of the members of a population adopts it - cannot be surpassed by any alternative strategy.
Lorenz I 71
Animal/Descartes: an animal does not act but is passive.
McDougalVsDescartes/Lorenz: a healthy animal is active.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lorenz I
K. Lorenz
Das sogenannte Böse Wien 1963

Da I
R. Dawkins
The Selfish Gene, Oxford 1976
German Edition:
Das egoistische Gen, Hamburg 1996

M. St. Dawkins
Through Our Eyes Only? The Search for Animal Consciousness, Oxford/New York/Heidelberg 1993
German Edition:
Die Entdeckung des tierischen Bewusstseins Hamburg 1993

Lorenz I
K. Lorenz
Das sogenannte Böse Wien 1963

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