Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

G.W. Leibniz on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

Holz I 38
Language/Leibniz: it is important to understand that the number of the first sentences is infinite, for they are either definitions or axioms.
>Definition/Leibniz
.
I 63
Finite/infinite/Leibniz: the set of possible objects of experience must be assumed to be infinite, because there ought to be a cause for reason why these should not be infinite, and there can be no such thing.
>Experience/Leibniz.
I 64
Language/infinite/finite/statement/fact/Leibniz: so there must be an infinite set of facts and correspondingly an infinite set of statements! (Factual truths).
Understanding/Leibniz: a finite mind, however, is incapable of reducing it to a finite set of identical sentences.
One never possesses a (full) proof, although there is always a reason for the truth. The reason can be fully understood by God alone.
>Infinity/Leibniz.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lei II
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998

Holz I
Hans Heinz Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992

Holz II
Hans Heinz Holz
Descartes Frankfurt/M. 1994


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