|Science: A. Science is a) an inventory of statements on defined subject domains obtained with certain methods, rules and instruments as well as b) a set of methods, instruments and rules for obtaining new statements on the same subject domain. B. Groups of people who are counted to a subject area, whereby these groups are being formed by the common acceptance of methods, rules, instruments and the limitation of the subject areas. See also observation, observability, methods, systems, theories, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, verification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
William James on Science - Dictionary of Arguments
Diaz-Bone I 30
Science/James: Basic positions:
1. Primacy of observation
2. Science theory as a part of empirical psychology (basic techniques: identification and classifying association)
3. Criticism of Nominalism: Inductive classification reveals the "real identity of phenomena".
4. Scientific activity is useful problem solving.
Science/James: The knowledge stocks of the individual disciplines are provisional and have to resort to other disciplines. James, however, sticks to the postulate of unit science!
Science/James: Science, common sense and individual consciousness have one thing in common: they should increase the human adaptability._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. Diaz-Bone/K. Schubert
William James zur Einführung Hamburg 1996