Psychology Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Richard Mervyn Hare on Language - Dictionary of Arguments
Language/representation/Hare: the analogy with the e.g. dance points to our possibility of reasoning about our language usage.
This is a corrective against the orthodox representation theory, according to which "facts", "characteristics" and other dubious entities such as unreliable diplomats oscillate between language and world.
>Language behavior, >Use, >Speech acts, >Representation, >World/Thinking, >World, >Reality.
We do not need anything like that.
It is simply that people try to understand each other.
>Intersubjectivity, >Communication, >Community.
Anamnesis/Platon: anamnesis is not just remembering, but rather "recalling".
Hare: we know that we have understood something correctly without being able to cite reasons (knowledge/saying). The only test is to repeat it.
>Anamnesis._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991
Richard M. Hare
Philosophical discoveries", in: Mind, LXIX, 1960
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995
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