Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Richard Mervyn Hare on Descriptions - Dictionary of Arguments

II 135
Description/Action/Hare: e.g. dance: let us assume we are eating and we are trying to remember how a certain dance is danced. We decide to try to reconstruct it after eating, by trying to dance it. There are then three options:
A) chaos, there are no matching memories,
B) a false dance arises from incorrect reconstruction,
C) the dance is properly reconstructed.
II 136
Plato: innovations always lead to chaos; there is only one correct way of doing something, nameley the one that we have learned from our teachers.
Hare: the terms "dance" and "chaos" are mutually exclusive, but the result is not.
"Both a chaos and a dance" can be called "either a chaos or a dance".
The first and second possibility (chaos and false dance) are similar in that we cannot designate an arbitrary succession of movements as the dance (e.g. "Eightsome Reel").
II 137
Empiricism/Hare: not all distinctions are empirical distinctions, e.g. value distinctions are not empirical distinctions.
Hare: e.g. dance: there are different possibilities:
1. The dance is correct, when the dance was danced, which is called "Eightsome Reel": circular.
2. We must already make certain limitations, e.g. memories from childhood or a textbook.
II 138
Problem: we cannot discover the rules of the dance by dancing (Henle as Hare).
There are two demands at once:
A) that the dance that is being danced is the "Eightsome Reel" and
B) that it is danced correctly. (This must be possible, like bluffing at poker).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Hare I
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991

Hare II
Richard M. Hare
Philosophical discoveries", in: Mind, LXIX, 1960
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995

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