Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Nature, philosophy: nature is usually defined as the part of reality that was not made or designed by humans. No properties can be attributed to nature. E.g. since contradiction is ultimately a language problem, one can say that nature cannot be contradictory. Not all forms of necessity can be attributed to nature, e.g. non-logical necessity and unnecessary existence. See also de re, de dicto, necessity de re, existence.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Hennig Genz on Nature - Dictionary of Arguments

II 198
Nature/Numbers/Genz: thesis: nature calculates itself! For example, 2 litres of water and 1 litre of water are 3 litres of water. ((s) KantVs)
II 199
Quantum Mechanics/Genz: in quantum mechanics too, nature calculates when looking at quantities of individual cases rather than the individual cases.
Nature/Genz: nature cannot calculate wrongly, though, because it provides us with the yardstick for correct calculation.
For example, billiard balls: the mathematician uses an algorithm that assumes that the balls move evenly in a straight line.
Which algorithm does nature use?
II 200
Computer: a computer has two methods available: a) local and b) global.
a) local: divides the movement of the first ball into equally long sections and determines whether the other ball is nearby, in the last section it gives the other ball the speed of the first one and stops the first one.
b) global: here, it is first calculated when the balls collide, then the locations are calculated as usual, but without asking for the distance of the other ball, and then it calculates them according to the values of the reversed speeds.
Nature: even if nature does it like a computer, you still have to ask, how?
II 201
N.B.: it depends on how effectively it calculates - whether matter immediately after the Big Bang would have been sufficient to build a computer that could have calculated the development of the universe.
World as a Computer/computer model/Genz: this picture has replaced the mathematical view of the world for some. Their calculations are then logical equivalents to the calculations of a universal Turing machine.
>Computer model, >Computation.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gz I
H. Genz
Gedankenexperimente Weinheim 1999

Henning Genz
Wie die Naturgesetze Wirklichkeit schaffen. Über Physik und Realität München 2002

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